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Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Information Dissection: What is Gastric Bypass and Lap Band Surgery?

To help with weight loss, many overweight people elect to have weight loss surgery.  This type of surgery, also known as bariatric surgery, includes a variety of different procedures.  Each procedure is intended for different people with different circumstances.  For instance, gastric bypass surgery may be good for one person and not for another.  The same goes for lap band surgery and other weight loss surgical procedures.

After meeting with a primary care physician and surgeon, you discover which type of surgery is best for you.  Doctors look at different factors including present health, past health, genetics and body type.  To help you understand each procedure, we're going to define each briefly.

Gastric Bypass Surgery

This is when the stomach is partitioned, or divided, and the small intestine is rerouted and shortened to complement the stomach's new character.  This is the most effective and long-term solution to morbid obesity and is incredibly popular in the United States.  Due to the smaller stomach size, patients become less hungry and fuller faster.  They're physically unable to eat as much as before the surgery because their stomach is smaller.

Image of: type of gastric bypass surgery performed in Oklahoma City by Summit Medical Center

There are different forms of gastric bypass surgery, but they all have the same mission: make the part of the stomach that processes food smaller and reroute/shorten the small intestine appropriately.  The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RNY) is one of the most popular forms.

Lap Band Surgery

Unlike gastric bypass surgery, the small intestine doesn't play a part in the procedure.  In fact, all parts of the stomach are left in their original form.  Instead of dividing the stomach into a small section to reduce hunger and food consumption, an inflatable silicone band is attached laparoscopically (with small incisions and instruments) around the top section of the stomach.  Although it resembles a small metal clamp in the picture below, it's actually much gentler than that.

Image of: type of lap band surgery performed in Oklahoma City by Summit Medical Center

By loosening and tightening the band, your surgeon can control how restrictive the band is and how hungry you get.  The lap band surgery in Oklahoma City at Summit Medical Center ensures that the band is attached with the right amount of tightness initially.  Based on your body type and health, we determine what's best for you.

If you're interested in discussing gastric bypass surgery or lap band surgery with a professional, contact Summit Medical Center online or call 405-359-2400 today.



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